CARBON FIBER FABRIC (made of carbon nanotubes) is already produced on a large scale at decreasing costs (from petroleum derivatives), however requiring several steps of heating at high temperatures and processing to form nanotubes, fibers, yarn and fabric.
GRAPHENE FABRIC (made of one atom thick carbon hexagonal network) has the potential for lower cost and higher performance if it is also produced on a high industrial scale (from renewable products such as carbon dioxide, methane and sugars), with direct cloth formation with several layers of two dimensional carbon, with the addition of resins to obtain various properties, with less expenditure of energy and simpler process.
GRAPHENE OXIDE (Cx Ox Hx) (mono carbon layer soluble in liquid/ink) reverse engineering with social-economic principles determining production of graphene cloth from CO2 (carbon dioxide), CH4 (methane) and/or fructose (C6 H12 O6), obtaining oxygen (O2), hydrogen (H2), water (H2O) as sub-products. Graphene is impermeable to all gases and liquids, sealing vacuum, while graphene oxide is permeable to liquid and water steam, can be used for formatting with subsequent expulsion of oxygen and hydrogen. CH4 + O2 = CO2 + 2H2 (energy); CO2 + CH4
(+ argon) (500 Celsius) = 2C + 2H2 (CVD: Chemical Vapor Deposition in a metal substrate); 2H2 + 2H20 = 02 (electrolysis); C6 H12 O6 (200 Celsius) = 6C + 6H20 (autoclave, high pressure chamber, heated to 150-200 degrees Celsius for 1-2 hours to form graphene oxide layer). Mirror/lens solar laser is a low cost heat source to turn pollution/reject CO2 and/or CH4 into Graphene and water.
GRAPHENE FABRIC PRODUCTION in high industrial scale with a graphene oxide layer of paint blasted with a supersonic spray (rocket nozzle) on a metallic substrate (copper, nickel or platinum) with high temperature and/or subjected to laser to expel oxygen/hydrogen. Formation of subsequent layers of graphene with subsequent addition of resin/epoxy to obtain different properties (conduction or not of heat and/or energy; flexibility/hardness). These same techniques could in theory be improved to transform carbon dioxide (C02), methane (CH4) and fructose (C6 H12 O6) directly in graphene.
Graphene Oxide Spray